Tuesday, January 24, 2017

Day 4, Year 1, Trumpland: Destruction of Lands and Treaties

We of the US have broken faith with our Indian Citizens many times. Here's one example.

On April 29, 1868 we agreed to establish The Standing Rock Sioux Reservation which was originally a part of the Great Sioux Reservation. Originally, that land included the sacred Black Hills, and the "life giving" Missouri River. The Sioux Nation continued to retain off-reservation hunting rights to a much larger area, south to the Republican and Platte Rivers, and east to the Big Horn Mountains.

According to the Sioux Nation website:
Under article 12, no cession of land would be valid unless approved by three-fourths of the adult males. Nevertheless, the Congress unilaterally passed the Act of February 28, 1877 (19 stat. 254), removing the Sacred Black Hills from the Great Sioux Reservation. The United States never obtained the consent of three-fourths of the Sioux, as required in article 12 of the 1868 Treaty. The U.S. Supreme Court concluded that "A more ripe and rank case of dishonorable dealings will never, in all probability, be found in our history."
United States v. Sioux Nation of Indians, 448 U.S. 371, 388 (1980). The Standing Rock Agency was established at Fort Yates in 1873. The Executive Order of March 16, 1875 extended the Reservation's northern boundary to the Cannon Ball River. In the act of March 2, 1889, however, Congress further reduced the Great Sioux Reservation, dividing it into six separate reservations, including the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation. (25 stat. 889). 
We have left the people of Standing Rock pretty much alone since 1980 until we decided to route the Dakota Pipeline from the Dakken oil fields in North Dakota through South Dakota and Iowa to Illinois. Originally that pipeline was slated to run through Bismark, North Dakota until is was determined by a bunch of white men in suits that it posed a threat to white water sources, white residential areas, and white roads, white wetlands and white water crossings. Bismark is 91.5% white. The oil has brought jobs, increased wealth and fancy houses to the people of Bismark.

Now we've all reached the same conclusion, right? That it's not okay to pollute white people's waters and land, but the people of the Sioux don't matter? The pipeline was granted an exemption from environmental review. The pipeline would run not on Tribal land, but 10 miles from it, which is nowhere near enough distance to protect Tribal land from a spill. Finally, this happened:
Citing potential effects on the Native tribes, most notably the Standing Rock Sioux, in March and April 2016 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Department of Interior (DOI), and the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation asked the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to conduct a formal Environmental Impact Assessment and issue an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).
This is Donald Trump having signed the orders to resume the Keystone Pipeline and Dakota Pipeline as quickly as possible:

There's a new heading in the news today about 200 liters of oil spilling from a western Canadian province of Saskatchewan pipeline on Aboriginal lands Friday.

This is touted as a measure to put thousands to work. It is the beginning of reducing regulations that protect air, water and people. It is short sighted. We've seen the damage and we have three record breaking years of heat. There are alternative energies. Matter of fact, we have more oil than we need now, before these pipelines. It is ridiculous to mortgage our children's future for our own selfish purposes. Rephrase. For the glory of one Kleptocrat.

No comments:

Post a Comment